Sexual Health

Hormone replacement therapy (medicines that contain female hormones to replace those the body no longer produces after menopause) is often used to treat common menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal discomfort, prevent bone loss, and reduce the risk of fractures in postmenopausal women.

 

In what forms is estrogen and progesterone available?
Estrogen is available as a gel, pill, skin patch, cream, or
spray. These forms remain the most effective treatment to relieve
symptoms.
What benefits does hormone therapy provide?
Estrogen can also relieve vaginal symptoms of
menopause, such as dryness, itching, burning, and discomfort during
intercourse.
Combined estrogen and progesterone therapy may reduce the risk
of colon cancer.
Estrogen can lower the risk of heart disease when
taken during the early postmenopausal years.
Systemic estrogen helps protect against osteoporosis.
Low-dose vaginal products. Low -dose estrogen vaginal preparations
(available as creams, tablets, or rings)
can effectively treat vaginal symptoms and some
urinary symptoms, as they minimize absorption into the body.
What are the risks of hormone therapy?
In the largest clinical study to date, a
combination of estrogen-progestin pills (Prempro) was used where
it increased the risk of certain serious disorders, including:
Heart disease
Stroke
Blood clots
Breast cancer
Subsequent studies have shown that These risks vary, depending on
age. For example, women who start hormone therapy more
than 10 or 20 years after the onset of menopause or at age 60 or
older are at increased risk for these disorders. However
, if hormone therapy is started before age 60 or within
10 years after menopause, the benefits appear to outweigh the
risks.
Also, the risks of hormone therapy may vary
depending on whether estrogen is given alone or with a progestin, the dose and
type of estrogen, and other health-related factors such as the
risks of either cardiovascular disease, cancer, and
family medical history .
All of these risks should be considered when deciding whether
hormone therapy might be an option for you.
Who should consider hormone therapy?
Despite the health risks, systemic estrogen is still the
most effective treatment for menopausal symptoms. The benefits of
hormone therapy may outweigh the risks if you are healthy and if
:
You have hot flashes or other moderate to
severe menopausal symptoms
You have lost bone mass, cannot tolerate or are not benefiting from
other treatments
You no longer you have menstruation before the age of 40 (menopause
premature) or if the normal function of the ovaries was impaired before age
40 (premature ovarian failure)
Risk of not using Estrogen:

Women who have premature menopause, especially those who have
had their ovaries removed and are not receiving estrogen therapy until
at least age 45, are at increased risk of:
Osteoporosis
Heart disease
Earlier death
Symptoms similar to those of Parkinson's disease (parkinsonism)
Anxiety or depression
For women who reach menopause early, the
protective benefits of hormone therapy usually outweigh the risks.
Age, type of menopause, and time since menopause
menopause play an important role in the risks associated with
hormone therapy.
Who should avoid hormone therapy?
Women with a current or past history of breast
cancer, ovarian cancer, endometrial cancer, thrombosis (blood clots)
in the legs or lungs, stroke,
liver disease, or unexplained vaginal bleeding usually do not must
undergo hormonal therapy.
Erectile dysfunction
This is a very common problem among men due to
medical or psychological conditions. This occurs when a man cannot
achieve or maintain an erection that is firm enough during
sexual intercourse.
Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men. During
a boy's puberty, testosterone causes growth of
body hair, muscle development, and deepening of the voice. In
adult men, it controls sexual desire, maintains muscle mass, and

helps produce sperm. Women also have testosterone in their
bodies, but in much lower amounts.
This test measures the levels of testosterone in the blood. Most
of the testosterone in the blood is bound to proteins. Testosterone
that is not bound to a protein is called free testosterone. There are two main types
of testosterone tests:
Total Testosterone: Measures bound and free testosterone
Free Testosterone: Measures only free testosterone. Free Testosterone
May Give More Information About Certain Medical Conditions
Testosterone levels that are too low (low t) or too high (high t) can
cause health problems in both men and women.
Other Names: Serum Testosterone, Total Testosterone,
Free Testosterone, Bioavailable Testosterone
What is Testosterone used for?
Testing for testosterone levels can be used to diagnose a
number of problems, including:
Decreased sexual desire in men and women
Infertility in men and women
Erectile dysfunction in men
Tumors of the testicles in men
Early or delayed puberty in boys
Excessive growth of body hair and development of masculine features
in women
Irregular menstrual periods
Why do I need a testosterone test?

You may need this test if you have symptoms of abnormal
testosterone levels. In adult men, it is primarily ordered if there are
symptoms of low testosterone. In women, it is
mainly ordered if there are symptoms of high testosterone levels.
Symptoms of low testosterone levels in men include:
Low sexual desire
Difficulty having an erection
Development of breast tissue
Fertility problems
Hair loss
Weak bones
Muscle loss
Symptoms of high testosterone levels in women include:
Excessive growth of body and facial hair
Deepening of the voice
Menstrual irregularities
Acne
Weight gain
Children may also need to have their
testosterone levels tested. In boys, late puberty can be a symptom of
low testosterone, while early puberty can be a
symptom of high t.
Vaginal dryness is common but treatable and can occur at
any age. Symptoms may include
burning, pain, or swelling in the intimate area or lower area.

Itching, burning, or swelling around the entrance to the vagina.
Pain during sexual intercourse, sometimes accompanied by
light bleeding.
Recurrent urinary tract infections.
Frequent need or urgency to urinate.
For that we have the solution using hormone therapy.
If you are suffering from these symptoms please DO NOT SUFFER ANYMORE
and make an appointment with Dr. María García right now and
you will see how her symptoms improve quickly.